Gender has been identified as a determinant of health. Gender differences are found in mental illness patterns as well as substance use, and co-occurrence patterns. Gender acquired risks are multiple and interconnected. Many arise from womens greater exposure to poverty, discrimination, violence, and socioeconomic disadvantages. Women constitute around 70% of the worldâ€™s poor and earn significantly less than men when in paid work. For Latinas, minority status may further contribute to experiences regarding diagnosis, access, and use of behavioral health services. Given that women experience higher levels of poverty, discrimination and gender violence, and that gender may play an important role in behavioral health experiences, the importance of looking at gender as a determinant of health seems evident. This symposium will examine the existing evidence on gender disparities as they related to access and treatment of Latinas in recovery who belong to other sub attended populations.
mmigration patterns to the United States play a significant role in the Latino cultural experience, so it deserves special consideration. Out of the approximately 53.9 million Hispanics living in the U.S. in 2013, 18.7 million were foreign born, and an estimated 12.7 million were undocumented residents (24.2%). More than half of the nationâ€™s 16 million Hispanic children were born to at least one foreign born parent.
Immigration represents two major sources of stress, (1) family dislocation, fragmentation and reconstruction, and (2) culture change for individuals and across generations. The process of immigration and resettlement can be relatively uncomplicated or, in some cases, very complicated with added difficulties such as experiences of trauma, acculturation stress, and substance use.
The purpose of this symposium is to provide a forum where behavioral health professionals can learn about, and speak about these added difficulties.