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Evidence-Based Practices Examples

Although there is not total agreement about what constitutes “evidence-based” practices, the interventions listed here are generally recognized by various Federal agencies and academic institutions as having sufficient research to be deemed “evidence-based.”


Visit SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) to search a library of interventions for the prevention and treatment of mental and substance use disorders.


A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction
This manual focuses on cognitive-behavioral coping skills treatment (CBT) as a short-term, focused approach to helping cocaine-dependent individuals become abstinent from cocaine and other substances.

Anger Management
Anger Management for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Clients: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Manual is a SAMHSA/CSAT publication that helps counselors teach anger management techniques in a group setting through a 12-week cognitive behavioral intervention.  The manual describes the anger cycle, conflict resolution, assertiveness skills, and anger control plans.

Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Adolescent Drug Abuse
BSFT is an intervention that targets self-sustaining changes in the family environment of the adolescent. That means that the treatment environment is built into the adolescent's daily family life.   It can be implemented in approximately 8 to 24 sessions. The number of sessions needed depends on the severity of the problem.  BSFT is "manualized," and training programs are available to certify BSFT counselors.   It  is a flexible approach that can be adapted to a broad range of family situations in a variety of service settings and in a variety of treatment modalities. 

A Community Reinforcement Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction
Increasing cocaine abstinence is the primary goal of CRA + Vouchers. To achieve and maintain abstinence, patients need to make major lifestyle changes, particularly in four areas: family relationships, recreational activities, social networks, and vocation. The general approach taken to achieving this goal is perhaps best described as individualized, empirically based, and behavioral.

Cannabis Youth Treatment Series, Vols. 1 – 5
The five-volume Cannabis Youth Treatment (CYT) Series for substance abuse treatment professionals provides a unique perspective on treating adolescents for marijuana use. These volumes present effective, manual-based treatment for use with teens and their families.

Counseling Manuals for Special Interventions
Texas Christian University offers counseling manuals which may be downloaded at no cost from the IBR Web site. See the “Downloads” button at their website.

Counselor's Treatment Manual: Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders
This treatment manual contains step-by-step instructions for conducting individual and group sessions in an outpatient setting with clients who are dependent on stimulants. Session topics focus on early recovery skills, relapse prevention skills, and social support. Information for the counselor includes an introduction to the Matrix approach, the role of drug testing, and strategies for handling difficult situations in group settings.

Motivational Interviewing
Motivational interviewing is a client-centered, directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence. See also Blending Initiatives on this Web site. 

NIAAA COMBINE Manuals
Volume 1-Combined Behavioral Intervention Manual: A Clinical Research Guide for Therapists Treating People With Alcohol Abuse and Dependence, 340 pp. NIH Pub. No. 04-5288, 2004. This manual highlights the use of Combined Behavioral Intervention, an intensive treatment that combines several successful features from previously evaluated interventions. It is suitable for delivery by trained psychotherapists working in specialized alcoholism treatment facilities.

Volume 2-Medical Management Treatment Manual: A Clinical Research Guide for Medically Trained Clinicians Providing Pharmacotherapy as Part of the Treatment for Alcohol Dependence, 132 pp. NIH Pub. No. 04-5289, 2004. This manual describes the use of medical management and brief counseling sessions to enhance medication adherence and abstinence from alcohol. This brief session therapy might be suitable for delivery in primary care settings.

NIAAA Project Match Series Manuals
The manuals in this series are the result of the collaborative efforts of the Project MATCH investigators and are used as guides by the therapists in the trial. They are presented to the alcohol research community as standardized, well-documented intervention tools for alcoholism treatment research. The manuals are provided to the public to permit replication of treatment procedures employed in Project MATCH.
www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/match.htm

NIDA Manual 1 - A Cognitive Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction
This manual details cognitive-behavioral coping skills treatment (CBT), which is a short-term, focused approach to helping cocaine-dependent individuals become abstinent from cocaine and other drugs.   

NIDA Manual 2 - A Community Reinforcement Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction
The treatment outlined in this manual integrates a community reinforcement approach (CRA), originally developed as an effective treatment for alcohol dependence (Myers and Smith 1995), with an incentive program (Vouchers) wherein patients can earn points exchangeable for retail items by remaining in treatment and cocaine abstinent.

NIDA Manual 3 - An Individual Drug Counseling Approach to Treat Cocaine Addiction: The Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study Model
This manual is intended as a guide for the individual treatment of cocaine addiction by addiction counselors.  

Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral, and Treatment (SBIRT)
This site is operated by IRETA to provide the latest information regarding resources, training events, and news updates in reference to Pennsylvania's SBIRT initiative. There are a variety of clinical tools on this site that assist in brief interventions.

Twelve-Step Facilitation
Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) is a brief, structured, and manual-driven approach to facilitating early recovery from alcohol abuse/alcoholism and other drug abuse/addiction. It is intended to be implemented on an individual basis in 12 to 15 sessions and is based in behavioral, spiritual, and cognitive principles that form the core of 12-step fellowships such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA). It is suitable for problem drinkers and other drug users and for those who are alcohol or other drug dependent.

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